The Arch of Constantine
The Arch of Constantine: the biggest and richest Arch of Triumph.
The Arch of Constantine is the biggest honorary arch in our times. It is placed between the Colosseum and the Arch of Titus on Via Romana that goes through the triumphal procession covered for the triumphal march and that goes towards the Temple of Giove Capitolino.
The Arch, honours the victory of the roman emerior Costantino against Massenzio after the battle of Ponte Milvio that took place on 28 October 312 AD and ten-year of his kingdom (315 AD.)
Above the fornicate in the middle of thwo sides of the attice is presented the inscription:
IMP · CAES · FL · CONSTANTINO · MAXIMO · P · F · AVGUSTO · S · P · Q · R · QVOD · INSTINCTV · DIVINATATIS · MENTIS · MAGNITVDINE · CVM · EXERCITV · SVO · TAM · DE · TYRANNO · QVAM · DE · OMNI · EIVS · FACTIONE · VNO · TEMPORE · IVSTIS · REM-PUBLICAM · VLTVS · EST · ARMIS · ARCVM · TRIVMPHIS · INSIGNEM · DICAVIT ·
"To the Emperor caesar Flavious Constantinus, the greatest pious, and blessed Augustus: because he, inspired by the divine, and by the greatness of his mind, has delivered the state from the tyrant and all of his followers at the same time, with his army and just force of arms, the Senate and People of Rome have dedicated this arch, decorated with triumphs."
The Arch of Constantine is made of three archs withe the bigger central passage and two smaller lateral archways. The Arch was built of marble blocks, while the top, called attic is made from brickwork reveted with marble.
The Arch is the decorated with the marble plate to show the impotance of the undecorated atique monuments.
In reality, internal arch is decorated mostly with the sculpture that come from the previous ages, from the period of Traiano,Adriano and Commodo.
Other elements were also reclaimed like cornice, capitals and columns. The whole monument including the attive is 25 meters high.
All in all teh Arch of Constantine can be considered as a meuseum of the roman sculpture because it gain together "pieces" of the different ages belonging to different important monuments that we didnt have a chance to see.